Posts Tagged ‘ifan

20
May
17

dakar, 20 may

We have concluded our week in the archives of IFAN. We will be returning to Norwich richer in data and richer in cowries and will be thinking about how to write it all up.

Being here has been a great opportunity to round off my knowledge of the archaeology of Senegal – I know best the areas farther east in West Africa.

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I gave a talk to the PhD students and we discussed political boundaries and connections in medieval West Africa. Annalisa and I had lunch with Prof Ibrahim T and spoke about collections curation, underwater archaeology and Gorée Island among other things.

We say adieu to West Africa for now, until our next visit, in July for the West African Archaeological Association conference.

 

18
May
17

dakar, 18 may

Tuesday was spent looking for cowries through dusty boxes on even dustier shelves – an activity which brought to mind a needle in a haystack, but we did find a good number of cowries, from well-known sites such as Kumbi Saleh, Tichitt, Taghaza or Guezebi. Mainly these were collected during the colonial period from the surface of archaeological sites. The provenance of these cowries is less clear than if they had been properly excavated, and you can’t date them, but still it is better than nothing since no archaeologist could go wandering in the northen Sahara nowadays.
Wednesday was spent sorting and studying Théodore Monod’s cowrie hoard, which we continued today.

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17
May
17

dakar, 17 may

16
May
17

dakar, 15 may

Here in Dakar for the next week, to delve into the collections of the Institut Fondamental d’Afrique Noire at  the University.  Last time I was here  was nine years ago to look at roulettes and sherds (and these helped our group a lot with writing our book). Change of scene: this time we are hunting for cowries in this vast collection which holds archaeological materials from throughout West Africa.

Our luggage being delayed on the way here provided a useful further demonstration of the Norwich, Centre of the Universe principle as our fellow inconvenienced passenger held a Masters degree from UEA. We were met at the airport and taken to our cosy accommodation with a view of the African Renaissance monument.

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Straight to business the following day: we have a wishlist of cowries from Senegal, Mali and Niger which we would like to see.

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But the uncontested star of the list is Théodore Monod’s ‘Lost caravan’ from Mauritania. These are a sample of the thousands of cowries he found in a totally empty part of the Sahara, part of the abandoned cargo of an eleventh-century caravan. Monod published his discovery in 1969 in a wonderful paper, which includes descriptions of the brass bars and cowries (almost all moneta) which were the cargo, as well as the ropes and bags which were used to secured them. A sample of the shells and brass bars were taken to IFAN in Dakar, and the site left. It has never been found again.

Let’s hope we can find the cowries which made it to IFAN…




About this blog

This blog has been set up to chart the activities and research findings of two projects led by Anne Haour, an archaeologist from the Sainsbury Research Unit at the University of East Anglia, United Kingdom.

The first project, called Crossroads, brings together a team of archaeologists, historians and anthropologists studying the Niger Valley where it borders Niger and Bénin (West Africa). We are hoping to shed more light on the people that inhabited the area in the past 1500 years and to understand how population movements and craft techniques shaped the area's past.

The second project, called Cowries, examines the money cowrie, a shell which served as currency, ritual object and ornament across the world for millennia, and in medieval times most especially in the Maldive Islands of the Indian Ocean and the Sahelian regions of West Africa. We hope to understand how this shell was sourced and used in those two areas.

These investigations are funded by the European Research Council as part of the Starting Independent Researcher Programme (Seventh Framework Programme – FP7) and by the Leverhulme Trust as a Research Project Grant. The opinions posted here are however Anne Haour's own!

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