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Sep
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Kompa Dune pottery

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Yesterday I finished the analysis of the Kompa Dune material.

Since practically nothing is known of archaeological ceramic types from this part of the world – a situation in stark contrast with other sites I’ve worked, such as Maya Belize or Roman Geneva, where a handful of sherds can give you an instant clue about chronology – we are working from scratch. Some potsherds were eroded or undecorated, and tell us relatively little without further, expensive and time-consuming, analysis such as clay characterisation; we call them ‘Category 4’. Others were good-sized rim sherds, from which we can infer the shape and size of the vessel they came from; we call those Category 1.

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Now the hard graft of analysing these is done, I shall be putting down my Sharpie and callipers and dusting myself off to start looking for patterns and characteristics. This is essentially a question of playing with Access and Excel to see whether, for example, certain types of decoration only occur in certain stratigraphic layers.

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Kompa has yielded five dates – three were from our main trench, roughly eighth to late twelfth centuries, and the other two from a furnace operating just the other site of a stream, early tenth to mid-twelfth century.  Read more here about our work back in January.

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The trench itself was not that informative in terms of past people’s habitat. We seem to have hit a trash heap: there were no discernible structures and nor did we recover any small finds such as beads or metalwork. However, the fauna and plant remains, and the pottery, will tell us quite a lot about how people lived. Archaeology is, after all, about the day-to-day discards.

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Finally, Kompa is unusual in one way: it’s not that common to find settlement and ironworking evidence side by side, as they were here. Partly because of this, Caroline RB and I will, over the coming months, be writing a paper with colleagues of hers concerning this site.

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About this blog

This blog has been set up to chart the activities and research findings of two projects led by Anne Haour, an archaeologist from the Sainsbury Research Unit at the University of East Anglia, United Kingdom.

The first project, called Crossroads, brings together a team of archaeologists, historians and anthropologists studying the Niger Valley where it borders Niger and Bénin (West Africa). We are hoping to shed more light on the people that inhabited the area in the past 1500 years and to understand how population movements and craft techniques shaped the area's past.

The second project, called Cowries, examines the money cowrie, a shell which served as currency, ritual object and ornament across the world for millennia, and in medieval times most especially in the Maldive Islands of the Indian Ocean and the Sahelian regions of West Africa. We hope to understand how this shell was sourced and used in those two areas.

These investigations are funded by the European Research Council as part of the Starting Independent Researcher Programme (Seventh Framework Programme – FP7) and by the Leverhulme Trust as a Research Project Grant. The opinions posted here are however Anne Haour's own!

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